W.AFATE 3D Printer

Problem to be solved: Recycle E-Waste

Discarded electronic equipment is one of the world’s fastest-growing sources of waste. It already
is a huge environmental problem in Africa. The massive dump in the Agbogbloshie suburb of
Ghana alone collects hundreds of tons of discarded computers and other toxic e-waste from
Europe and the U.S. each month.


Togolese inventor Kodjo Afate Gnikou created the first 3D printer from electronic waste. Afate
built the printer for less than US$100, using rails and belts from old scanners, parts of discarded
desktop computers, and etc. from e-waste dumps. advocacy of recycling such waste for the
social and economic benefit of African households, schools and cyber-cafes.

Designer: Kodjo Afate Gnikou
Country: Germany/Ghana
Year: —

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Cucula Workshop

Problem to be solved: Refugees’ Craft and Design

Along with politicians, artists and collaborators, CUCULA is engaging in practical solutions, to help
people holding refugee status to escape social isolation and the related stigma. A design manu-
facture for sustainable products is growing in a former factory along the Spree river in Berlin.
Refugees are here given the opportunity to learn and experiment collectively.


CUCULA gives people, for whom the doors of society are locked, access to education. CUCULA
establish a ‘welcoming culture’, which helps refugees to break with the notion of ‘victimhood’, and
at the same time unfold their self-efficacy and to open up a perspective for a self-determined life.

Designer: CUCULA
Country: Germany
Year: —

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Sandbag Houses

Problem to be solved:

The project replaces traditional brick-and-mortar foundations with a less costly two-story structural frame made from timber combined with sandbag construction as fill for the walls. The design borrows from indigenous, mud-and-wattle building techniques that keep homes cool in summer and warm in winter.


Building of the house turned into a community project, with local women pitching in. Inhabitants constructed houses that utilize locally available materials and that can be expanded according to necessity.

Designer: Luyanda Mpahlwa
URL: sandbaghouse.com
Country: Germany
Year: 2007

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